LONDON — Joblessness in the 17-nation Eurozone hit a record high in January and February, according to statistics released Tuesday that gave a grim snapshot of the region’s continued economic malaise.
The unemployment rate rose to 12 percent in the first two months of the year, the highest level since the euro was introduced more than a decade ago. That translates to about 19 million people who were out of work in February, 1.8 million more compared with the same time last year.
But the average masks wide disparities among the 17 nations that share the euro currency. As has been the case throughout the continent’s debt crisis, the misery is of far greater magnitude in Southern Europe.
In Greece and Spain, which have sought emergency funding from international lenders, the jobless rate exceeded 26 percent (figures for Greece were based on December data, the latest available). More than half of working-age people younger than 25 in both countries were unemployed. By contrast, the youth unemployment rate in powerhouse Germany stood at just 7.7 percent in February.
Germany and Austria posted the most enviable figures, with overall unemployment of 5.4 percent and 4.8 percent, respectively, in February. Another small bright spot appeared in Ireland, the only one of the five countries that have applied for bailouts to see a drop in the jobless rate, to 14.2 percent from 15.1 percent a year earlier.
The figures were compiled before the latest shock to hit the Eurozone: the controversial bailout of Cyprus, where major account holders at the two biggest banks will see their deposits docked to help shore up the island’s financial system. With Cyprus’ financial sector, the main engine of its economy, set to shrink drastically, officials are bracing for a huge loss of jobs that will further worsen the employment picture in the Eurozone.
The Cypriot crisis erupted during a period of relative calm in the 3 1/2-year-old euro crisis. Fear of imminent financial ruin for Italy and Spain, the third- and fourth-largest economies of the Eurozone, have receded as borrowing costs for those governments have fallen back below the danger level and European stocks have climbed in value.
But the Eurozone as a whole remains mired in a damaging recession. Analysts see little prospect of a return to growth this year in key countries such as Italy.
In the wider European Union, which comprises 27 countries, the unemployment rate was 10.9 percent in February, up from 10.2 percent the year before.