SEATTLE — When the Legislature made its annual report to the Washington Supreme Court last week on progress toward improving the way the state pays for public schools, lawmakers said they did the best they could under the circumstances. Legislative critics do not agree.
The attorney for a coalition of school districts, educators, parents and community groups that won an education funding lawsuit against the state expects the Supreme Court to tell lawmakers they aren’t trying hard enough.
“I think they are doing what they think they can get away with,” said attorney Tom Ahearne. “The court is going to have to decide if we are just going to sit back and do nothing or are we going to be vigilant and make sure the constitution is enforced.”
In January 2012, the Supreme Court ruled the state was not meeting its constitutional duty to public school children and ordered the Legislature to start paying the full cost of basic education, plus the education reforms it had adopted in recent years. Those reforms included all-day kindergarten for all kids and smaller class sizes.
The court also ordered the Legislature to stop relying on local tax dollars to make up for missing state dollars and to find a stable source of education dollars for the future. The court gave lawmakers until 2018 to fix those problems.
Superintendent of Public Instruction Randy Dorn said lawmakers need to find more money when they meet next January or they’ll never make the 2018 deadline set by the Supreme Court.
Lawmakers did boost education spending by about $1 billion this year. But the details of how they got there and what they left out tell the real story, Ahearne said.
Some examples from his list:
Lawmakers found money to reinstate some teacher pay taken away during the recession, but they paid for it by not giving teachers their voter-approved cost of living raises. “They brought it back up to the level that was declared unconstitutionally low,” he said.
The Legislature put more money into transportation, but decreased the funding goal to make that progress look better. “If you move the goal line and cross it, that’s not a touchdown,” he said.
It cut class sizes for kindergarten and first grade, but left second- and third-graders without the small classes they have been promised.
Ahearne said he will get into more detail when he writes the plaintiff’s formal response, which is due at the end of September.
Dorn’s problem with the Legislature’s report is that it did not make enough progress financially. He believes it needs to find another $400 million next year as well as a stable source of income for schools going forward.
“I didn’t come up with these figures,” Dorn said, pointing to the Legislature’s own estimates that the state needs to spend an additional $4 billion on education in a two-year budget cycle to meet the requirements of the Supreme Court’s McCleary decision.
Parents and teachers also have problems with the legislative report.
“I think they’re just trying to ignore this away,” said Alfred Frates Jr., a PTA dad who has seen his three kids through the Shoreline School District while keeping a close eye on the Legislature.
Frates said he’s worried lawmakers won’t even fix the problems when the economy gets better. He’s also concerned that parents aren’t paying enough attention to what lawmakers are doing.
Rich Wood, spokesman for the state’s largest teacher’s union, says the members of the Washington Education Association were also disappointed with this year’s Legislature. “We need to go a lot further to fully fun our K-12 public schools so school children get the education the constitution says they deserve,” he said.